China is set to begin a two-year ecological conditions survey in 2024, the fifth since 2000. The project, a joint initiative between the Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the Chinese Academy of Sciences, aims to provide critical support to draw the lines red areas of ecological protection, advance the main functional zone strategies and major ecological conservation and restoration projects.

The research will be carried out at three spatial scales at national, regional and provincial levels, to monitor the quality and functionality of the country’s ecosystem.

Key regions of interest include the Yellow River Basin, the Yangtze River Economic Belt, the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, and the Yangtze River Delta, all of which are areas significant strategies for national development.

According to the National Ecological Condition Change Research and Assessment Report (2015-2020), the overall pattern of China’s ecosystems has remained stable and continues to improve.

The quality of natural ecosystems has seen sustained improvement, with areas rated excellent or good representing more than 43%, surpassing the proportion of poor or very poor areas for the first time. Minister of Ecology and Environment Huang Runqiu said that in the new era, China’s ecological protection, restoration and supervision work has achieved positive results.

Huang cited data showing that 90 percent of China’s terrestrial ecosystem types and 74 percent of the country’s major wild animal and plant populations under protection are effectively protected.


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